This Day In Astro History

saturn V
Saturn V

Robert Wilson and Arno Penzias
Robert Wilson, left, and Arno Penzias stand in front of the Bell Labs horn radio antenna in Crawford Hill, N.J., where they discovered cosmic background radiation confirming the Big Bang.

January 10

2016 - Died: David Bowie, Cultural Starman. "Ashes to ashes, dust to stardust. Your brilliance inspired us all. Goodbye Starman." -- Commander Chris Hadfield

Commander Chris Hadfield performs Space Oddity aboard ISS.

1969 - Venera 6 (USSR) launched. It arrived at Venus on May 17, 1969. This atmospheric probe returned data down to within 11km of the surface before being crushed by the pressure on Venus.

1962 - NASA announces plans to build the C-5 rocket launch vehicle. It became better known as the Saturn V Moon rocket, which launched every Apollo Moon mission. 1946 - The US Army's Signal Corps successfully bounces the first radar waves off the Moon.

1936 - Robert W. Wilson's birthday, co-discoverer with Arno Penzias of the cosmic microwave (3 degree) background and 1978 Physics Nobel Laureate winners for their 1965 detection of long-wavelength, low-temperature radio emissions coming from the entire universe. Their measurements of the wavelength of the background radiation corresponded with the theorists' predictions. This result supports the big bang theory, which describes an explosion that gave rise to all the matter and radiation in the universe. 
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It is my conclusion that human evolution and the motions of matter in space are intrinsically linked. The observation and understanding of the complexity of biological history on Earth cannot be complete without the tandem observation and understanding of a dynamic greater cosmos. - SpaceGene