This Day In Astro History

Baker, the monkey, on a model Jupiter rocket
Baker on model Jupiter rocket.

Ruby Payne-Scott
Ruby Payne-Scott

May 28

2003 - Death of Oleg Grigoryevich MakarovSoviet Cosmonaut who spent more than 20 days in space.

2002 - The Mars Odyssey, orbiter, finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars.

1998 - Asteroid 1998 KY26 was discovered by Tom Gehrels.  Using radar observations this asteroid's rotation speed was calculated as 10.7 minutes! The fastest rotating object in the solar system yet known. Also, because of its orbit, it is one of the most easily accessible asteroids in terms of sending spacecraft to explore it.

- Mars 3 (USSR) launched. On December 2, 1971 the lander arrived at Mars but was only able to return 20 seconds of data.

Launch Of Two Monkeys Able & Baker.  Humans didn't know that humans could survive in space, even in a protected environment. The two monkeys, Able, a 3.18 kilogram (7-pound) rhesus monkey, and Baker, a 311.9 gram (11-ounce) squirrel monkey spent 16 minutes traveling to an altitude of 360 miles.  Able died a few days later due to complications of a surgery to remove the implanted electronics. Baker lived until the age of 27. Their adventure paved the way to send humans to space. 

she.png1912 - Birthday, Ruby Violet Payne-Scott, BSc(Phys) MSc DipEd(Syd) was an Australian pioneer in radiophysics and radio astronomy, and was the first female radio astronomer.
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It is my conclusion that human evolution and the motions of matter in space are intrinsically linked. The observation and understanding of the complexity of biological history on Earth cannot be complete without the tandem observation and understanding of a dynamic greater cosmos. - SpaceGene