This Day In Astro History

Orville Wright
Orville Wright
1871 - 1948

John Flamstee
John Flamsteed
1646 - 1719

August 19

2000 - SOHO counts it's 200th sungrazing comet. The 200th comet was actually discovered in a search of archival data by Michael Oates of England.  [Aug. 2009: SOHO's Current Discovery Count is 1685!]

1997 - Agila 2 launched from the Xichang facility in the Peoples Republic of China. It was the Philippine's first satellite and put into orbit for the Mabuhay Communications Corporation of Manila.

1997 - STS- 85 Returns to Earth at 11:08 GMT after travelling 4.7 million miles on a Mission to Planet Earth.

1960 - Launched Korabl -Sputnik-2 (Spaceship Satellite-2), also  known as Sputnik 5. On board were the dogs Belka (Squirrel) and Strelka (Little Arrow). Also on  board were 40 mice, 2 rats and a variety of  plants. After a day in orbit, the spacecraft's retrorocket was fired, the capsule landed, and the dogs were safely recovered.

1871 - Orville Wright was born in Dayton Ohio.

1646 - John Flamsteed's birthday.  In 1675  King Charles II appointed Flamsteed his astronomical observer by Royal Warrant. This meant he was the first Astronomer Royal. From his salary of 100 he had to pay 10 taxes and also provide all his own instruments. The Royal Observatory at Greenwich was built and equipped for his observations and he began observing there in 1676. Flamsteed was known for his lunar and star observations. Newton used his data to complete his theories on gravity.
Belka and Strelka
Dogs in Space
Belka and Strelka
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It is my conclusion that human evolution and the motions of matter in space are intrinsically linked. The observation and understanding of the complexity of biological history on Earth cannot be complete without the tandem observation and understanding of a dynamic greater cosmos. - SpaceGene