This Day In Astro History

Gene Shoemaker
Super Star Geologist
Gene Shoemaker

Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein

Giovanni Schiaparelli
Giovanni Schiaparelli

March 14

2012 - WISE (Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer) releases All Sky mission catalogue.

2002Space Adventures, Ltd., announced the debut of the Cosmopolis XXI Aerospace System (C-21), a next-generation spacecraft designed specifically for sub-orbital space tourist flights. 

2002 - NASA announces "Sentry" a new Web-based asteroid monitoring system.

2000 - The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) spacecraft is renamed to honor the late Dr. Eugene M. Shoemaker, legendary and inspirational planetary geologist. Shoemaker was part of the leading comet discovery team of the past century, perhaps most famous for finding the comet (Shoemaker-Levy 9) that broke up and collided with Jupiter in 1994. NEAR went into orbit around the asteroid Eros on February 14, 2000.

1995 Space Exploration: Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American astronaut to ride to space on board a Russian launch vehicle.

1879 - Albert Einstein's Birthday. Developer of a theory of gravity in terms of spacetime curvature dependent on the energy density. 1921 Physics Nobel Prize winner for work done 15 years earlier on the photoelectric effect, the basis of modern light detectors. Einstein did not complete his secondary education nor did he pass his first attempt at entry to the Swiss Polytechnic Institute. He became a citizen without a state and studied mathematics, played the violin and learned to sail. Einstein mistrusted authority and came to know the importance of self-learning. His theories were revolutionary and not excepted by conservative thinkers until proved experimentally. Until this time, theories of electromagnetism and mechanics were separate studies of physics. Einstein's theories required a "struggle" beyond classical physics to illuminate how these physics were related by the speed of light. Einstein published the paper outlining his General Theory of Relativity in 1916. In 1919, Arthur Eddington confirmed that light from a distant star was indeed "bent" by the gravity of our sun, By 1920 he was famous and considered one of the greatest physicists ever. He died on April 18, 1955 at Princeton, New Jersey . In 1999 Time Magazine named him the Person of the Century. "What is inconceivable about the universe is that it should be at all conceivable". AE

1835 - Birthday, Giovanni Schiaparelli born in Savigliano, Kingdom of Sardinia, was an observer of solar system objects and a scholar of the history of classical astronomy. "During the planet's "Great Opposition" of 1877, he observed a dense network of linear structures on the surface of Mars which he called "canali" in Italian, meaning "channels" but the term was mistranslated into English as "canals."
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It is my conclusion that human evolution and the motions of matter in space are intrinsically linked. The observation and understanding of the complexity of biological history on Earth cannot be complete without the tandem observation and understanding of a dynamic greater cosmos. - SpaceGene